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How Do Stress and Burnout Negatively Affect Employees?

Yes, we all have experienced stress and burnout in this modern life, and work is the biggest reason that makes our life more stressful. With an enormous amount of what we have to complete every day, plus with some extra conflict with other employees or your boss don’t like your result can make you even more stressed.

1. What are workplace stress and burnout?

Physical fatigue after a long day at work. Coworkers and consumers are cynical and detached. Extreme discontent with your work, as well as doubt about how to advance in your profession.

These are common indicators of occupational burnout, and they affect more individuals than you would realize.

Job burnout is a type of prolonged work-related stress. Job discontent and loss of personal happiness are caused by mental and physical fatigue.

Burnout at work frequently sneaks in slowly over time, affecting employees in ways that they don't realize.

Chronic fatigue, sleeplessness, bodily symptoms such as headaches and stomachaches, rage, loneliness, irritability, sadness, and other symptoms are all possible.

2. Why do employees experience stress and burnout?

In a private survey, almost all of the HR leaders said that employees who’re dealing with stress and burnout are sabotaging their workforce. This survey also indicated that nearly half of those companies have stressed employees negatively affecting their work environment.

So, what causes stress and burnout for those employees?

  • Pressures from the job or their boss: tight deadlines and the pressure to increase productivity at the workplace, or heavy responsibility might be the root of the problem.

Pressure from leaders is the main reason for stress and burnout in the workplace
Figure 1. Pressure from leaders is the main reason for stress and burnout in the workplace
  • They experience unrealistic expectations from others: Reasonable expectations from employers or leaders can help them increase productivity. But if the expectations are set unrealistically high, it can make employees exhausted, leading to stress and burnout.

  • They experience micromanagement in the working environment: some supervision is necessary, but it keeps employees following the company rules. But no one likes being micromanaged, it shows that your company doesn’t trust them and can leave employees feeling incompetent and stressed.

  • They have no support at work: working with unsupportive teams and leaders can make employees feel like they don’t matter in the work environment, which can cause stress and burnout.

  • They have no opportunities: when employees are denied development promotional or professional opportunities, this can make them feel like there is no chance to learn and develop.

  • Lack of appreciation: When their efforts go unnoticed, employees can start to lose motivation, increasing the level of stress. So, a thank you or a show of appreciation for hard work can do so many things, and increasing productivity is just one of them.

3. What’s the negative impact of stress and burnout on employees?

3.1. Decreased productivity

A growing corpus of studies shows a link between an employee's health and well-being and their productivity at work. Simply said, an employee who is healthy and well-rested is more likely to provide high-quality output than an employee who is stressed out by a rigorous schedule.

According to a FlexJobs poll, 56 percent of workers prefer weekday flexibility to avoid burnout. They also want their employers to encourage them to take time off and to provide mental health days (both 43 percent). These advantages can improve work-life balance and reduce the chance of decreased productivity.

3.2. High turnover rate

Most bosses overwork their best staff without regard for their well-being. As a result, high-performing team members may begin to fall short of expectations and, ultimately, depart.

Employees who are burnt out are 2.6 times more likely to be looking for a new job, according to Gallup. Meanwhile, Limeade discovered that 40% of workers leave their employment owing to burnout – and many of them do so with no new job lined up.

High turnover rate
Figure 2. High turnover rate

What are the ramifications of these discoveries? To begin, low staff retention and turnover contagion come at a great cost. Replacing departing employees can cost a company thousands of dollars. Companies may have to deal with the operational ramifications of losing top people in addition to the financial effect.

3.3. Low employee engagement

Employee engagement refers to an employee's dedication to the firm's goals and involvement in corporate culture. Because they appreciate the organization's success, engaged employees are more inclined to work hard and put in extra effort.

Employee stress and burnout, unfortunately, but not unexpectedly, have a substantial impact on engagement rates. According to the 2022-2023 Aflac WorkForces Report, more than half of American workers are feeling at least a moderate level of burnout, with statistics roughly identical to those recorded during the peak of the epidemic in 2020. As a result, employee engagement has fallen.

Because of the negative effects on staff productivity and motivation, disengagement results in large revenue losses. As a result, a highly engaged staff is critical to the organization's growth and longevity, whereas widespread stress and burnout can jeopardize a company's future.

3.4. Negative health impacts

Long before the epidemic, Harvard and Stanford's academics discovered that burnout may cost $125 billion to $190 billion in healthcare expenditures due to psychological and physical difficulties. The study also discovered that work-related stress was responsible for 120,000 fatalities per year.

Overworking, it goes without saying, can be stressful for both one's mental and physical health. Working long hours can cause mental illness, anxiety, and other serious health problems such as heart disease. Furthermore, stressed-out employees are more prone to engage in harmful habits such as excessive drinking and overeating.

Working too much may make you sick, and with today's high healthcare prices, this can cost companies and employees thousands of dollars in medical and insurance expenditures. Furthermore, when an employee is ill, they are more inclined to take further sick days. As a result, the remainder of the team is compelled to take on a bigger share of the labor, perhaps contributing to their own stress and burnout, and the cycle continues.

4. What are simple ways to reduce stress and avoid burnout in the work environment?

4.1. Understand how to respond

Before we go into organizational-wide stress-reduction measures, it's critical to understand how to help an individual on a personal level.

If you suspect one of your employees is stressed, it is critical that you speak with them. Approach them, ask open questions about how they're feeling, and demonstrate that you care about them. You may need to be straightforward and firm to express your worries, but you must avoid becoming forceful.

Listen to understand your employees
Figure 3. Listen to understand your employees

When a coworker confides in you, listen without judgment and refrain from offering unwanted advice. You don't have to have all the solutions; merely expressing your concern is a good place to start.

After you've heard, tell your colleague that you're there to assist them and ask if there's anything else you can do to help.

Aim to plan frequent contact points, whether it's a team meeting or a 1:1, so you can continue to help them and demonstrate your availability in the future.

However, you are not expected to be a mental health specialist, and there may be instances when the employee requires assistance that is beyond your ability.

4.2. Support employees to develop stress-coping skills

When we believe we lack the resources to meet the demands put on us, we get stressed.

But what are your choices for providing assistance to your employees?

  • Option 1: Remove the demands.

  • Option 2: Make sure your personnel have the resources they need to meet the expectations.

Option #1 is obviously not always achievable in the workplace, but you may help your colleagues develop the tools (coping skills) they need to properly handle their obligations. As a result, they will be able to better handle work-related stress and burnout.

The Job Demands-Resources idea is based on this. Providing assistance to your employees in maintaining a balance between their resources and expectations will allow them to remain interested, challenged, and motivated despite the demands of their job.

4.3. Reduce the gaps

Another technique for assisting your staff in managing stress and burnout is to teach them to identify a gap - for example, something that is causing them stress - that they can address.

"Any gap will do, to begin with - it doesn't have to be the biggest or most uncomfortable; working on stress reduction in this area, in any way, leaves us better able to deal with the rest."

Even if they can't completely bridge the gap, closing it gradually can make it easier to deal with," says Sue Evans, founder of workplace wellbeing consultancy FAST Pathways.

4.4. Lead by example

Work-related stress and burnout are not just an employee issue. Managers and leaders, in fact, play a significant role in modeling healthy behaviors.

Change must begin at the top, and unless you lead by example, your staff are reluctant to participate. This is especially true when it comes to assisting your staff in managing their stress.

If you are a leader, speak out on stress reduction and educate yourself and the rest of your organization about the signs and causes of stress.

Lead by example
Figure 4. Lead by example

This is about changing the culture of your organization, and it must start at the top. So, even if you're not a leader, you must enlist their support. The organization will follow where they lead.


No one wants to experience stress or burnout because those can make you lose motivation, be exhausted, and even worse, it can make your body dysfunctional. So, it is crucial to take care of the employees in the work environment.

Source: Internet

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