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How Many Public Holidays In Vietnam?

In this post, we will show you all public holidays throughout Vietnam. We believe that all information below can help you know more about the interesting holidays across our nation. Let’s chase it up to find out about special cultural occasions now.

1. Overview of public holidays in Vietnam

Vietnam’s public holidays are proposed by the government and the Ministry of Labor. On the other hand, staff searching to plan towards and organize their paid holidays for a year might currently mark those dates through their calendars. While the public vacation moves to the weekend, both Saturday and Sunday – the following Monday can be considered a paid holiday.

Besides, the other three particular days which are not officially seen as paid holidays contain the Anniversary of the Communist Party’s founder, the birthday of Ho Chi Minh.

Tet is the most crucial holiday since it is Vietnam’s new year, in honor of cultural freedom and national political independence, local stores are popularly well-known to close down throughout this period.

Public holidays in Vietnam
Figure 1. Public holidays in Vietnam


– According to realistic circumstances, the Prime Minister can determine the day off for the Lunar new year holidays. Moreover, the lunar new year will be up to the lunar calendar each year.

– Expats take an extra day off for their nation like National Independence Day and one day off for their lunar new year.

– The particular schedule of the compensatory days off can be kept updated as soon as there is an announcement from the Government.

2. Public holidays in our nation

2.1. International New Year’s Day – The First Public Holiday in Vietnam

As with other modern civilizations throughout the world, Vietnamese people celebrate International New Year's Day on January 1st as one of the most important Vietnam holidays. The day commemorates the transition from the old to the new calendar year. The origins of New Year may be traced back to the 18th century when France colonized Vietnam. Locals have increasingly come to tolerate the day. People nowadays frequently take a day off to say goodbye to the previous year and hello to the new one. If you visit Vietnam on this national holiday, the weather is ideal for outdoor activities. There are also several special programs broadcast on television and countdown celebrations in major cities.

2.2. Lunar New Year (Tet) - The longest public holiday in Vietnam

Tet, or Lunar New Year, is one of the most important festivals in Vietnam. It occurs in late January or early February and is a time to celebrate new beginnings, pay homage to ancestors, and honor deities. The celebrations can continue for up to seven days and include colorful decorations, fireworks, dragon dances, temple visits, and plenty of food.

Traditional foods offered at this time are not only tasty but also culturally significant. Boiled chicken, sticky rice cake, and pickled vegetables are just a few of the many foods made and consumed during Tet.

Aside from the meal, the distribution of red envelopes containing money is a treasured custom that is eagerly awaited by both youngsters and the elderly. This act is said to bring good fortune and wealth in the future year.

It is very unusual for Vietnamese families to start preparing for Tet many weeks ahead of time. Cleaning and decorating their houses, buying new clothes, and storing food and presents are all part of this. The excitement and anticipation leading up to Tet are evident, and the holiday itself is a time for family to gather, reflect on the previous year, and look forward to what the new year holds.

Vietnam Lunar New Year
Figure 2. Vietnam Lunar New Year

2.3. Hung Kings’ Commemoration Day

Hung Kings' Commemoration Day is an important Vietnamese cultural holiday that celebrates the country's previous monarchs.

It is observed as a national holiday in Vietnam on the tenth day of the third lunar month. People pay honor to their ancestors and express thanks for their contributions to the nation's progress during this period. Among the activities are temple visits, incense, and flower offerings, and the preparation of traditional meals.

Hung Kings' Commemoration Day is a moment to reflect on the past as well as the present and future. It reminds people of Vietnam's rich history and cultural heritage and encourages them to maintain and develop these traditions.

Furthermore, it develops a sense of national togetherness and pride by bringing people from diverse areas and backgrounds together to celebrate their shared past.

2.4. Reunification Day

Every year on April 30th, Vietnam celebrates Reunification Day, also known as Liberation Day. It marks the conclusion of the Indochina War and the country's reunification.

This is an important day for the Vietnamese since it signifies national unity and independence. The streets are festooned with crimson flags, and cultural events, ceremonies, and exhibitions abound. Families often use this occasion to commemorate and remember loved ones who gave their lives in defense of the country's freedom.

Reunification Day gives the Vietnamese people optimism that, despite geographical or religious divides, they will remain united under one banner.

The day of full unification on April 30
Figure 3. The day of full unification on April 30

2.5. International Workers’ Day

International Workers' Day, or "Ngày Quc T Lao ng" as it is known in Vietnamese, is observed each year on May 1st. This day recognizes the contributions and accomplishments of employees all around the country.

International Workers' Day was first observed in Vietnam in 1930. It has since become a significant holiday, with parades, rallies, and so forth.

Businesses and offices often close on International Workers' Day to allow employees to join in the vibrant festivities.

However, May 1st is considered a significant celebration of labor rights and a reminder that, even in today's worldwide economy, decent pay and benefits are still worth fighting for.

2.6. Vietnam’s National Day

Vietnam's National Day is a historic occasion that commemorates the country's freedom from colonial authority. Every year on September 2nd, the celebration remembers the valiant men and women who battled valiantly for their country's independence.

It is a lively and bright celebration in which Vietnamese people go to the streets for parades including traditional dragon dances, colorful floats, and Vietnam flags proudly proclaiming the country's sovereignty.

Families gather to enjoy delectable cuisine and cultural activities, as fireworks illuminate the night sky. National Day is a moment to reflect on Vietnam's rich history and culture, but it is also a time to celebrate the country's current growth and achievements.

National Day in Vietnam on September 2nd
Figure 4. National Day in Vietnam on September 2nd

Overall, it is a day of national pride, pleasure, and solidarity for all Vietnamese people worldwide.

3. FAQs about public holidays in Vietnam

3.1. What are the working hours during public holidays in Vietnam?

Businesses in Vietnam are normally closed during public holidays, and employees are not expected to work. Some enterprises, such as hotels, restaurants, and hospitals, may function with fewer employees.

3.2. Do international employees in Vietnam get the same vacation and leave benefits as native employees?

Yes, international employees in Vietnam have the same rights to public holidays and leave as native employees. To qualify for these benefits, people may need to produce extra documentation such as work permits or visas.

3.3. Can businesses in Vietnam require employees to work on public holidays?

Employers are not permitted by Vietnamese labor law to compel employees to work on public holidays. Employees may be obliged to work with additional remuneration if the nature of the activity necessitates continuous operation or if the firm is in critical services such as healthcare.

3.4. Can employees in Vietnam take time off on public holidays?

Employees in Vietnam are permitted to take vacation during public holidays, but they must request it in advance and obtain clearance from their employers. Employers are not permitted to require employees to take time off on public holidays.

3.5. Are there any repercussions in Vietnam for employers that break public holiday and leave regulations?

Employers who break Vietnam's public holiday and leave legislation may face penalties such as fines or the suspension of operations. In extreme circumstances, the employer may face criminal penalties.

3.6. Can employees in Vietnam be compensated for working on public holidays?

Employees in Vietnam who are compelled to work on public holidays are entitled to additional remuneration such as double pay or time off in lieu. The precise amount and type of remuneration are determined by corporate policy and the nature of the task.

3.7. How will employees’ salaries be calculated?

The current public holidays and Tet are precisely specified in the Labor Code 2019 or by Prime Minister's Decision published yearly in accordance with real situations. Employees who work on public holidays and Tet, which are specified by law or by the Prime Minister's order, are deemed to be working overtime on these days.

Thus, if workers work from 10:00 p.m. on the day before a public holiday or Tet until 6:00 a.m. on such day, the period from 0:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m. on such day will be deemed overtime work. As a result, the employer must pay them overtime in accordance with Article 98 of the 2019 Labor Code.

Employees, for example, begin working from 10:00 p.m. on April 29th until 6 a.m. on April 30th. Whereas, on April 29th, from 10:00 p.m. to 12:00 p.m., the total compensation is 130%, which includes 100% of the normal working day income plus 30% of the normal working day salary for the night shift working. On April 30th, from 0:00 a.m. until 6:00 a.m., the wage is 390%.

Closing Ideas

That’s all information related to the public holidays throughout Vietnam. Last but not least, we make sure that you can clear out about them and make a plan for your vacations in the future.

Source: Internet

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