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TOP 5 Tech Stack Of 2023 In Hanoi & Ho Chi Minh City

At the end of every year, we aggregate all information to see which top tech stack is in-demand with employers in the two biggest cities in Vietnam. But there are some differences between these two biggest cities in Vietnam, and in this article, we’ll find out the difference between the two big cities in the IT industry.

1. Top 5 tech stack are popular the most in Hanoi

Hanoi, with a long over thousand years of history. So, when talks about the IT industry, you’ll see that almost IT company in Hanoi working with an “Old but gold” tech stack like:

1.1) Java

Java, an old-school object-oriented programming (OOP) language, was released in 1995. Despite its age, Java remains a widely used tech stack for many applications and web development. Its versatility and compatibility have contributed to its sustained popularity in Hanoi's IT industry. Java's robustness, platform independence, and vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks make it a reliable choice for developing enterprise-level software solutions.

Figure 1. Java can use to build a server for a website, android apps, windows apps

1.2) .NET

.NET, introduced by Microsoft in 2002, is another popular tech stack in Hanoi. Initially designed for creating applications for the Windows operating system, .NET has gained a significant following among developers in Hanoi. It provides a framework for building various types of software applications, including web, desktop, and mobile. With the introduction of .NET Core, developers can now leverage its cross-platform capabilities to develop applications for different operating systems.

1.3) ReactJS

ReactJS is a relatively young tech stack that has gained immense popularity in Hanoi's IT industry. Known for its flexibility, ReactJS is widely used to develop interactive user interfaces for both websites and mobile applications. Its component-based architecture and efficient rendering make it a preferred choice among developers. ReactJS, coupled with other modern web development technologies like Node.js, allows for the creation of powerful and scalable web applications.

1.4) PHP

PHP, with more than 25 years since its release, continues to be a dominant server-side programming language in Hanoi's tech stack landscape. It is widely utilized in web development to build dynamic and functional websites. PHP's ease of use, extensive documentation, and vast community support have contributed to its enduring popularity. Popular PHP frameworks like Laravel and Symfony provide developers with robust tools and libraries to streamline the development process.

1.5) Android – Java

For developing Android applications, Java has traditionally been the primary language of choice in Hanoi. Leveraging the popularity of Java, developers in Hanoi have utilized its robust features and libraries to create feature-rich and scalable Android applications. However, with the introduction of Kotlin as an official language for Android development, its popularity has been on the rise as well, and developers are gradually adopting it as an alternative to Java.

These tech stacks not only have a solid foundation but also continue to evolve with time. While Hanoi embraces the innovation brought by new technologies, these established tech stacks continue to play a significant role in the city's IT industry. They offer a wide range of opportunities for developers and businesses, allowing them to create reliable, scalable, and efficient software solutions.

2. How are the top 5 tech stack in Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City, known for its vibrant and dynamic workforce, is home to some of the best tech talent in Vietnam. The city embraces the newest technology trends, and you can find a range of top tech stacks that are highly popular among developers and companies. Let's explore the top five tech stacks in Ho Chi Minh City:

2.1) Node.js

Node.js, a platform based on JavaScript, has gained immense popularity in Ho Chi Minh City. It is widely used for server-side development and has multiple applications, including web servers and mobile applications. Many big companies, such as LinkedIn, Netflix, Medium, and even NASA, rely on Node.js to power their backend systems. Its event-driven, non-blocking I/O model makes it efficient and scalable for handling high-traffic applications.

Figure 2. With lots of compatibilities, Node.js will soon outtake Java in the future

2.2) iOS – Swift

Swift, introduced by Apple in 2014, has become the go-to programming language for developing iOS applications. With a focus on speed, safety, and modern syntax, Swift offers numerous benefits compared to its predecessor, Objective-C. As Ho Chi Minh City boasts a large market for iPhones, iPads, and MacBooks, the demand for Swift developers is on the rise. Additionally, with Apple's recent introduction of M1 chips, which can run iOS apps natively, the market is expected to see an increased demand for Swift expertise.

Figure 3. iOS Swift

2.3) Android – Kotlin

Since its release in 2011, Kotlin has gained significant traction as an alternative language for Android app development in Ho Chi Minh City. While developers can still use Java, many young coders are opting to learn Kotlin due to its ease of use and less complex structure and operations. Kotlin offers enhanced features, improved syntax, and better compatibility with existing Java codebases. Its modern approach and seamless integration with Android development tools make it a preferred choice for building Android applications

2.4) ReactJS

ReactJS, which was previously mentioned as a popular tech stack in Hanoi, is also widely adopted in Ho Chi Minh City. Known for its flexibility and component-based architecture, ReactJS is a favored choice for developing interactive and scalable user interfaces. Its efficient virtual DOM and modular approach allow for better code reusability and maintainability. ReactJS, coupled with other modern web development technologies like Redux and GraphQL, enables developers to create high-performance web applications.

2.5) Java

Java, an established and reliable programming language, continues to be a common tech stack in both Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. Its versatility, large community support, and extensive range of frameworks and libraries make it suitable for a wide variety of applications. Java is particularly popular for enterprise-level development, as it offers strong performance, stability, and scalability.

2.6) Python

Python has gained significant popularity in Ho Chi Minh City's tech industry. Known for its simplicity and readability, Python is widely used in various domains, including web development, data analysis, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. The versatility of Python and its extensive collection of libraries, such as Django and Flask, make it a preferred choice for developers in Ho Chi Minh City. Python user groups and workshops thrive in the city, providing opportunities for knowledge sharing and collaboration.

2.7) Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails, commonly referred to as Rails, is a web development framework written in Ruby. It emphasizes convention over configuration, allowing developers to build robust and scalable web applications quickly. In Ho Chi Minh City, Ruby on Rails has gained a dedicated following among startups and web development agencies. Its simplicity, elegant syntax, and strong community support make it an attractive choice for rapid application development.

2.8) Vue.js

Vue.js, a progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces, has gained popularity in Ho Chi Minh City's front-end development scene. It offers a straightforward and flexible approach to building interactive web interfaces. Vue.js's component-based architecture and intuitive syntax make it easy to learn and integrate with existing projects. The Ho Chi Minh City developer community has embraced Vue.js, organizing meetups and hackathons to explore its capabilities further.

2.9) DevOps

DevOps, while not a specific technology stack, has become an integral part of software development practices in Ho Chi Minh City. DevOps focuses on combining development and operations teams to improve collaboration, streamline processes, and deliver software more efficiently. Tools like Docker, Kubernetes, and Jenkins are widely used to automate development, testing, and deployment processes. Ho Chi Minh City's tech industry recognizes the importance of DevOps practices in achieving faster and more reliable software delivery.

2.10) Cloud Technologies

Cloud technologies, including platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP), play a significant role in Ho Chi Minh City's tech ecosystem. The adoption of cloud computing allows companies to scale their infrastructure, increase efficiency, and reduce costs. Ho Chi Minh City developers work with cloud services to build scalable and resilient applications. The city has a thriving cloud community, with regular events and workshops focused on cloud technologies.

These top tech stacks reflect the evolving landscape of technology in Ho Chi Minh City. The city's young and tech-savvy workforce is quick to adopt new technologies, while still valuing the reliability and versatility of established tech stacks like Java. With a diverse range of options available, developers and companies in Ho Chi Minh City can leverage these tech stacks to create innovative and impactful software solutions.


Based on JT1’s Report of 2023 about the IT market, we can see that the mobile and web tech stack is still trending in both Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City. But when we take a good look, Ho Chi Minh prefers a new programming language, and Hanoi wants to continue to develop with the best Tech Stack they have.

Source: Internet

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