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What Is The Payroll Tax Rate And IT Consultant Average Salary In Asia?

Payroll tax considerations are an important strategy and play a key role in determining the chances of success in your business. And especially in the IT industry, you should determine the IT consultant’s average salary to have a suitable financial plan when doing business in Asia.

1. How’s the payroll tax rate in Asia?

The region's tax rates are becoming increasingly relevant as the economies of developing Asia continue to expand. From the standpoint of Asia's governments, taxes may be utilized to either ensure that investments flow into their territory or to subsidize government expenditure. Companies and individual wage earners, on the other hand, can use them to decide whether a given state is a good fit for their company model and vocation.

Several taxes will apply to foreign firms and wage workers in Asia, including corporate income tax (CIT), individual income tax (IIT), withholding tax, and indirect taxes such as value-added tax (VAT) and goods and services tax (GST). Understanding how these various taxes work is critical for both corporations trying to enter Asia's rising markets and individuals hoping to work in the area.

2. Ease of paying taxes

One of the key factors influencing the World Bank's "Doing Business" rankings is the convenience of tax payment. The ease of fulfilling tax obligations plays a significant role in determining rankings. Here are the rankings for the 13 nations included in this issue, as well as the United States, Germany, and Italy.

There have been some noteworthy changes in the ease of paying taxes in Asia since the 2014 rankings. India has risen two places, while Indonesia and Vietnam have fallen 23 and 24 places, respectively. In the context of the 13 nations mentioned in this publication, this implies that India has risen from the bottom of the rankings to 11th place, while Indonesia and Vietnam have fallen to the bottom two.

The top five spots have also changed somewhat. Thailand has risen eight places overall, while Cambodia has fallen 25 places. As a consequence, Thailand is currently placed fifth out of 13 countries, with Cambodia ranking sixth.

Ease of paying taxes
Figure 1. Ease of paying taxes

Asia's countries usually categorize withholding tax as dividends, interest, and royalties, each with varying tax rates. India, for instance, does not have any withholding tax on dividends but has a 20 percent tax on royalties. Here, we provide a chart comparing the withholding tax rates of China, India, Hong Kong, and the ten ASEAN countries.

2.1. Hong Kong tax system

Hong Kong doesn’t have a withholding tax on the income of either residents or non-residents. But it has a small tax for royalty payments made to non-residents for the use of intangible assets in or outside of Hong Kong. And they have a favorable payroll tax regime that helps to make it an attractive destination for investing. Capital gains and overseas income are not taxed and payroll tax falls into four brackets: 2%, 7%, 12%, and 17%. Hong Kong’s salary taxation regime is transparent and effective while not being too complicated and overwhelming.

Hong Kong has three different income taxes rather than a single unified income tax. The rates above are the appropriate salary tax rates for the period beginning April 2020 and ending March 2021.

  • Profits tax is charged at a fixed rate of 15% on non-corporate professional, trade, or commercial income. It is possible to opt to be taxed under the "two-tiered" profits tax rates system, in which the rate of tax for the first HKD 2 million in profits is cut in half to 7.5%. The remaining gains are still taxed at the standard rate of 15%. During the assessment year, each group of "connected entities" can choose one entity to benefit from the two-tiered tax structure.

  • Property tax is levied at a flat rate of 15% on rental income, after a standard deduction of 20%.

  • Salaries tax is levied at progressive rates ranging from 2% to 17% on net chargeable income (assessable income less personal deductions and allowances), or at a flat rate (maximum rate) of 15% on assessable income minus personal deductions, whichever computation results in the smaller tax burden.

The payroll tax rate in most of the country in Asia is low
Figure 2. The payroll tax rate in most of the country in Asia is low

2.2. China tax system

In China, withholding tax payments for dividends, interest, and royalties can all be affected by the country’s tax agreement. If the respective rate in a given tax treaty is higher than 10 percent, the 10 percent rate will be adopted. If the rate in the tax treaty is lower than 10 percent, the rate in the tax treaty will be adopted. And payroll tax is a progressive rate starting at 3% and going up to a maximum of 45%, but 20% is the average income tax in China.

2.2.1. Tax Rate For Foreign Companies

A non-resident firm with no presence or place of business in China is only taxed on its China-sourced income. Corporation taxes in China apply to non-tax resident firms with a presence in the country, covering revenue from Chinese sources and income connected to that presence. Such taxation also extends to income earned outside China but linked to the firm's Chinese place or establishment.

2.2.2. Capital Gains Taxation

In China, there is no distinct capital gains tax; instead, firms' capital gains (and losses) are often bundled with regular operational revenue and taxed at the corporate income rate (25%).

The land appreciation tax applies to the sale of real estate and net development expenditures in four bands ranging from 30 to 60% (depending on the amount of the gain realized).

2.2.3. Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits

In general, all documented expenses, costs, and losses incurred in generating taxable income are deductible up to a certain limit: entertainment expenses are 60% deductible up to 0.5% of total income, advertising (up to 15% of total income, 30% in some cases), and donations (up to 12% of total income; however, donations for poverty alleviation in specific areas can be fully deducted - donations made via charitable organizations or governments to combat the COVID-19 epidemic are fully deductible). Dividends, management fees, Enterprise Income Tax (EIT) paid, and late tax payment surcharge costs are all non-deductible items.

2.3. Singapore tax system

Singapore’s tax agreement also helps to clarify the jurisdiction in which interest or royalties are deemed to arise. The source state will usually be the jurisdiction in which the payer of the interest or royalty is resident. In certain cases, both states will tax interest or royalty income, although at lower rates.

And in India, the basic interest rate is 20 percent. But non-residents engaged in certain infrastructure businesses are liable for a five percent rate until July 2015.

Singapore tax system
Figure 3. Singapore tax system

2.4. Vietnam payroll taxes system

Finally, Vietnam employers must withhold the required percentage of their employee’s income and deposit the monthly amount with the State Treasury no later than the 20th day of the following month. Employers must also finalize PIT declarations on behalf of their employees at the end of the year provided the employee only has income from the employer and authorizes their employer to make this tax finalization on their behalf. Vietnam payroll taxes ranged from 5% to 35% of personal income with an average is 10% tax on employee income.

Some Payroll Options in Vietnam:

2.4.1. Remote Payroll

A remote payroll in Vietnam occurs when a non-resident foreign corporation pays a resident employee in Vietnam. This is true for both domestic and international personnel. A non-resident corporation can utilize a completely outsourced service like a GEO or PEO to hire and pay its personnel (both local and international) in Vietnam.

2.4.2. Local Payroll Administration

In certain circumstances, a firm will register its business in Vietnam using one of the various forms but will choose to have another company handle its payroll. This is possible with the help of a payroll provider. It is crucial to highlight that the corporation, as the Employer of Record, is still completely responsible for ensuring that all employment, immigration, tax, and payroll rules are followed. However, payroll computations, payments, and files can all be delegated to a payroll service.

2.4.3. Internal Payroll

Larger enterprises with a strong commitment to Vietnam may choose to handle their own local payroll for all employees, both international and domestic. To do so, they must finish the incorporation process, register the firm, and then employ the appropriate personnel. There will be a demand for in-country human resources specialists who have the necessary experience to handle a Vietnam payroll and meet all tax, withholding tax, and payroll obligations.

This method is expensive and necessitates some understanding of local employment and payroll legislation. To achieve complete compliance with Vietnamese labor rules, the company will require the services of a local accounting firm and maybe legal advice.

3. How’s the IT consultant’s average salary in Asia?

As an IT consultant, you will work for various organizations. Your job is to advise clients on how to use information technology, to meet their business objectives effectively and efficiently. You must be able to build and improve your clients’ technology structure and be able to analyze and solve various IT problems, experienced with desktop and server issues to install and troubleshoot clients’ IT hardware and software.

And the salary for an IT consultant ranged from 50.000 USD to 120.000 USD per year based on your skill and working age.

The payroll tax of an IT consultant is above average
Figure 4. The payroll tax of an IT consultant is above average

In most country Asia, IT consultant salary is high when compared to the economy here, so that, the payroll tax for them is usually over the average and still below the maximum number.

4. Summary

All the taxes (Payroll tax, withholding tax,…) should be calculated before investing to avoid losses as much as possible. If your organization has an IT consultant, carefully calculating payroll tax for them is advised. Because there are a lot more other hidden costs your organization needs to pay for them.

Source: Internet

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