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Why is Full-stack development the most optimal solution?

Why is Full-stack development the most optimal solution?

For any developer, writing code in building software is always the biggest challenge. There will be the risk of inconsistencies between the logic at the front-end and the back-end side. What is the best solution for this issue? Full-stack development is the answer.

Something about full-stack development

It refers to the development of both front end (client-side) and back end (server-side) portions of the web application. Accordingly, developers have the ability to design complete web applications and websites. They can work on the frontend, backend, database and debug web applications or websites. Actually, full-stack development is an effective effort to avoid writing code twice.

Full-stack development makes writing code become easier

Learn about technologies relating to full-stack development

1 - First, the front end.

This is the visible portion of the website or web application. The front end is responsible for the user experience. Accordingly, the user will directly interact with the front end part. There are some common programming languages used to build the front end portion including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.

HTML means HyperText Markup Language. It is the combination of Hypertext and Markup language. Developers choose HTML to design the front end portion of web pages by using markup language. Namely, Hypertext defines the link between the web pages. Meanwhile, the markup language will support to define the text documentation within tag which determines the web pages'structure.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is known as CS. People design this simple language in order to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. CSS enables us to apply styles to our web pages. Moreover, you are able to perform this independent of the HTML that makes up each web page.

Front-end and back-end are key portions of a web application or a website

JavaScript is known as a famous scripting language. Developers use it to create great things on the sites which makes the site interactive for the user. Additionally, it helps to enhance the functionality of the website for running funny games and web-based software.

2 - Frameworks and libraries of the front end portion

AngularJs is a JavaScript open-source front-end framework. It develops single-page web applications. This framework grows and expands continuously intended to provide better solutions for developing web applications. It turns the static HTML into dynamic HTML. Due to its features, anyone can freely use and change. It can extend HTML attributes by using directives, and data connected with HTML.

React is a JavaScript library. It is declarative, efficient, and flexible to build user interfaces. In fact, ReactJS is an open-source, component-based front end library. This library just takes responsibility for the view layer of the application. Facebook maintains it.

Bootstrap is a free and open-source tool collection. It is used for making responsive websites and web applications. Bootstrap is the most common HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework for building and developing responsive, mobile-first websites.

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jQuery is also an open-source JavaScript library. It simplifies the interactions between an HTML/CSS document (the Document Object Model) and JavaScript. By elaborating terms, jQuery simplifies HTML document traversing and manipulation, browser event handling, DOM animations, Ajax interactions, and cross-browser JavaScript development.

SASS is the most reliable, mature and strong CSS extension language. Developers use this language to widen the functionality of an existing CSS of a site with ease. They cover variables, inheritance, and nesting.

There are few other libraries and frameworks: Semantic-UI, Foundation, Materialize, Backbone.js, Express.js, etc.

3 - Second, the back end portion

It mentions the server-side development of web applications or websites. The primary key focuses on how the website operates. This portion is responsible for managing the database through queries and APIs by commands of the client-side. Basically, this website consists of the front end, back end, and database. Developers build the back end portion by using some following libraries, frameworks, and languages.

Back-end refers to the server-side development of a website

PHP is known as a server-side scripting language. People design it specifically for web development. Since PHP code executed on the server-side, it is called server-side scripting language.

C++ is a general-purpose programming language. Nowadays, developers widely use it for competitive programming. In addition, it is made use of as a backend language.

In fact, Java is one of the most common programming languages and platforms. It has a highly-scalable ability. Additionally, Java components are easily available.

Python is also a programming language. It allows you to work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.

Developers can use Javascript as both front end and back end programming languages.

Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform runtime environment. It is for executing JavaScript code outside of a browser. The notice that NodeJS is not a framework and a programming language. However, most of the people are confused and think that it’s a framework (or a programming language). Developers often use Node.js for building back-end services such as APIs, Web App or Mobile App. Large companies (like Paypal, Uber, Netflix, Wallmart) use it in production as well.

There are some back end frameworks: Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc. The other back end program/scripting languages are C#, Ruby, REST, GO, etc.

To accomplish the responsibility of a full-stack developer, be patient to learn

To develop full-stack applications, you have to obviously understand software architectures. This means you need to be clear at ways of composing your software. Remember that the code of the front-end and back-end may be identical. This matter is important to performance and security. Nowadays, full-stack development does not require you to know multiple programming languages. However, you still have to get versatile skills including thinking and acting like a real full-stack developer.

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